Ultrasound & Laser Therapy

Ultrasound is a form of mechanical energy (longitudinal sound waves) with a long and proven usefulness in veterinary practice. It has been shown to have a direct effect on the body cells and stimulate tissue healing. The effect of ultrasound therapy can be either thermal or non-thermal, depending on the parameters set on the device and on the absorption of waves by a certain type of tissue.

Indications for use of ultrasound therapy:

  • Scar tissue healing
  • Muscle tears
  • Ligament sprains
  • Fracture healing (within first two weeks post fracture)
  • Pain relief (not a primary indication, but a side effect)

Contraindications to ultrasound treatment:

  • Tumors and carcinoma
  • Haemorhage
  • Application to eyes and gonads
  • Application over a pregnant uterus

LASER is an acronym for “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation”, it is a form of electromagnetic radiation. There are two types of lasers used in veterinary medicine – HILT (High Intensity Laser Therapy) and LILT (Low Intensity Laser Therapy, also known as low level laser therapy; laser biostimulation). Both have well-documented effects, however LILT is more often used by veterinary physiotherapists due to its tissue-repairing properties.

Indications for laser therapy are:

  • Wounds and ulcers: delayed wound healing, burns, skin abrasions, chronic wounds etc.
  • Acute injuries: tendon and muscle haematoma, ligament sprains, fractures, other soft tissue injuries
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: repetitive strain injuries, complex regional pain, fibromyalgia
  • Inflammatory conditions (acute and chronic): bursitis, tendinitis, myositis, fasciitis, synovitis
  • Arthritis, osteoarthritis and calcifications (e.g. bone spurs)